Psychological Warfare as a Hybrid Threat to the Modern International Security System
This article deals with the problem of psychological warfare in modern international relations. The purpose of the article is a comprehensive study of psychological mechanisms of influence on the population used by the enemy, with the aim of combating them in the future. The main stages of the psychological operations evolution and their characteristic features are determined. Such methods have been actively used since antiquity, especially during military operations. But this concept received its scientific justification and became widespread only in the 20th century.
The main categories of research are psychological influence, information-psychological operation and psychological warfare. They are closely interrelated and underpin each other. Three main groups are distinguished among the most common methods of psychological warfare: psychological pressure, manipulation of consciousness, hidden violation and distortion of the logic laws. The author concludes that the most characteristic of international relations is the use of latent, targeted, indirect propaganda influence. During Russian-Ukrainian hybrid war, the Russian Federation actively continued to use psychological mechanisms of influence, especially on the population of the temporarily occupied territories. The author characterizes the areas where this influence requires immediate countermeasures.
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