Category «European Integration of the Western Balkans» in International Relations

Keywords: European Integration, Western Balkans, European Union, international relations, new enlargement methodology


Terms related to the designation of the Balkan region in domestic and foreign sources and literature, countries of the post-Soviet space, doctrines, diplomatic practice, foreign policy ideas of international actors are studied. Attention is drawn to geographical, historical-political, state, ethnic, integration aspects, which gave rise to the use of a significant number of terms to denote the Balkan region. During the Cold War, the concept of Central and South-Eastern Europe arose. The collapse of the bipolar system, the crisis and the disintegration of Yugoslavia in the 90s of the 20th century introduced several more used terms – the post-Yugoslav space, the countries of the former Yugoslavia, which today represent the post-conflict zone that has taken a step towards the European way of life, and where the activity of the EU is the highest. The most acceptable in diplomatic practice is the use of the term South-Eastern Europe – a geographical definition without a political and ideological connotation, which unites countries into one group in the context of transformational transformations and interactions. European integration processes in the region gave impetus to a new term – the Western Balkans.

Attention is focused on research and analysis of the concept of «European integration of the Western Balkans» in modern international relations. General and special aspects of the EU enlargement policy regarding the Balkan countries are defined. It is indicated that the European integration of the Balkans is necessary as an important component of stability, a catalyst for reconciliation, good neighbourliness and good political relations, as an aid in overcoming nationalism and intolerance, promoting mutual understanding and political dialogue in the region, economic prosperity and the rule of law. The new EU enlargement methodology, which makes it possible to speed up the accession process, is important.


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How to Cite
Kravchenko, D. (2023). Category «European Integration of the Western Balkans» in International Relations. Acta De Historia & Politica: Saeculum XXI, (5), 26-33. Retrieved from