Information Component as a key aspect of Hybrid War

Keywords: hybrid war, information operation, strategy of controlled chaos, information-psychological operation, media space

Abstract

The article is devoted to the research of the key sphere of the hybrid Russian-Ukrainian confrontation – the informational component. The main phases of Russian aggression are defined. It is emphasized that the active phase of Russian aggression was preceded by a strategic information operation based on the doctrine of «Russian world» and «soft power». With the approaching signing of the Association Agreement by Ukraine in Vilnius in November 2013, the beginning of the Euromaidan in December 2013, the strategic information operation turns into a strategy of «managed instability» and a special sabotage operation is introduced as its component, aimed at the destruction of the state structures of Ukraine, relying on internal reserves in Ukrainian society.

The main mechanisms of influence on power structures are determined: discrediting, force pressure, persuasion, displacement from leadership positions, promotion and strengthening of the positions of officials who support Ukraine’s accession to Russia, monitoring the positions of Ukrainian officials, forming a network of supporters of pro-Russian reintegration projects, establishing personal work with parliamentarians, the formation of inter-factional parliamentary groups that would lobby for Russian integration projects and interests.

Attention is focused on the fact that immediately before the invasion of the territory of Crimea, massive informational and psychological influence was exerted on the local population, military personnel of the Armed Forces, law enforcement agencies, etc. It is emphasized that the Ukrainian media space has been taken under control, the image of the hostile Kyiv fascist junta and the bright image of the Russian military defender is formed in the mind, the idea of the need for a referendum and the right to self-determination of the Crimean people is thrown in, the situation in Crimea was presented as an internal conflict in Ukraine, interference was denied and Russia’s presence on the peninsula.

It is indicated that in the information space in the Donbass at the initial stage of the Russian military invasion, the cliché «Southeast» was used, which since 2017 has shifted towards «Novorossiya», and later in the constructs «LNR-DNR», which really worked, the ideological basis of the Soviet standards and ideas of the «Russian world», the idea of a special Donbas identity and its connection with Russia is promoted.

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Abstract views: 59
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Published
2022-10-01
How to Cite
Kravchenko, N. (2022). Information Component as a key aspect of Hybrid War. Acta De Historia & Politica: Saeculum XXI, (04), 106-118. https://doi.org/10.26693/ahpsxxi2022.04.106
Section
Articles