Migration along the Balkan route
The article examines the issue of the Balkan Migration Corridor, which has been operating on a permanent basis for many years, despite the efforts of the Balkan Peninsula and the European Union. The aim of the article is to analyze the migration processes in the Balkans and its impact on the EU and European countries. The author offered basic terms related to the topic of migration along with definitions. reviewed the literature on this issue and noted the main research of Western scholars related to the topic of the article. The intensity of migration processes in the above-mentioned region is determined by the economic and political situation in migrant donor countries, including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Syria, etc. The article lists the countries that show the greatest and least commitment to migrants. The attitude of EU member states turned out to be more positive towards migrants than the attitude of the Balkan countries.
Abikova, J., Piotrowicz W. (2021, February 09). Shaping the Balkan corridor: Development and changes in the migration route 2015–16. Retrieved from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10. 1111/imig.12828 [in English].
Ahmetašević, N. (2021). Limits to Access to Asylum along the Balkan Route. Retrieved from https://resourcecentre.savethechildren.net/node/19190/pdf/rrelimi tedaccesstoasylumalongthebalkan route.pdf [in English].
Aslany, M., Carling J., Mjelva, B., Sommerfelt, T. (2021). Systematic review of determinants of migration aspirations. QuantMig Project Deliverable D2.2. Southampton: University of Southampton. [in English].
Astuti, M., Bove, C., Brambilla, A., Clementi, A., Facchini, D., Giordani, C., Maraone, S., Pignocchi, P., Saccora, D., Stojanova, I. (2020, June). The Balkan route. Migrants without rights in the heart of Europe. Retrieved from: https: www.asgi.it/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/The-Balkan-Route-Report-2020-by--Rivolti-ai-Balcani-italian-network.pdf [in English].
Beznec, B., Speer, M., Mitrović, S. (2016). Governing the Balkan Route: Macedonia, Serbia and the European Border Regime. Beograd: Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung. [in English].
Bisiaux, S.A., Naegeli, L. (2021, June 01). Blackmail in the Balkans: how the EU is externalising its asylum policies. Statewatch. Retrieved from: https://www.statewatch.org/analyses/2021/blackmail-in-the-balkans-how-the-eu-is-externalising-its-asylum-policies/#_ftn22 [in English].
Bonifazi, C. (2008). Evolution of regional patterns of international migration in Europe. In C. Bonifazi, M. Okólski, J. Schoorl, & P. Simon (Eds.), International migration in Europe: New trends and new methods of analysis (pp. 107–128). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. [in English].
Carling, J. (N/A). What is the meaning of ‘migrants’? Meaningofmigrants.org. Retrieved from: https://meaningofmigrants.org/
Cosgrave, J., Hargrave, K., Foresti, M., Massa, I., Beresford, J., Dempster, H., Rea, J. (2016, September). Europe’s refuges and migrants: hidden flows, tightened borders and spiraling costs. Retrieved from: https://www.academia.edu/35552227/EuropesrefugeesandmigrantsHiddenflowstightenedbordersandspirallingcosts [in English].
Cvejić, S., Babović, M. (2014, November 07). Migration Flows in Western Balkan countries: Transit, Origin and Destination, 2009–2013. Geneva: IOM.
Dekker, R., Engbersen, G. (2014). How Social Media Transform Migrant Networks and Facilitate Migration. Global Networks, 401-418. [in English].
Düvell, F. (2014). Transit Migration in the European Migration Spaces: Politics, Determinants and Dynamics. In F. C. Düvell, Transit Migration in Europe (pp. 209-236). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press - IMISCOE Research. [in English].
Esipova, N., Fleming, J., Ray, J. (2017, August 23). New Index Shows Least-, Most-Accepting Countries for Migrants. Retrieved from: https://news.gallup.com/poll/216377/new-index-shows-least-accepting-countries-migrants.aspx [in English].
Esipova, N., Ray, J., Pugliese, A. (2020, September 23). World Grows Less Accepting of Migrants. Retrieved from: https://news.gallup.com/poll/320678/world-grows-less-accepting-migrants.aspx [in English].
EU’s Frontex border force deploys teams to Albania to halt migrants (2019, 05, 22). DW. Retrieved from: https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/17025/eu-s-frontex-border-force-deploys-teams-to-albania-to-halt-migrants [in English].
Eurostat (2021). Retrieved from: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/migrant-integration/background [in English].
Fenton, W., Borton, J., Collinson, S., Foley, M. (Eds.) (2016, September). Refugees and Vulnerable Migrants in Europe. Humanitarian Exchange. 67. Retrieved from: https://odihpn.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/HE-67-FINAL.pdf [in English].
Figures at a glance (June 2021). UNHCR. Retrieved from: https://www.unhcr.org/figures-at-a-glance.html [in English].
Fourfold Increase in Illegal Border Crossings at EU External Borders in April (2021, May 19). Schengenvisainfo News. Retrieved from: https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/fourfold-increase-in-illegal-border-crossings-at-eu-external-borders-in-april/ [in English].
Frontex. (2014). Frontex Risk Analysis Network (FRAN) Quarter 2 April - June 2014. Retrieved from: https://frontex.europa.eu/assets/Publications/RiskAnalysis/FRANQ22014.pdf [in English].
Glossary: Migration (2018, July 4). Eurostat. Retrieved from: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Glossary:Migration [in English].
Greider, A. (2017, August 17). Outsourcing Migration Management: The Role of the Western Balkans in the European Refugee Crisis. Migration Information Source. Retrieved from: https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/outsourcing-migration-management-western-balkans-europes-refugee-crisis [in English].
Jungwirth, T. (2017). Balkánská trasa. Retrieved from: https://www.Encyclopediaofmigration.org/balkanska-trasa/ [in English].
King, R., Oruc, N. (Eds.) (2019 November 19). Migration in the Western Balkans. What do we know? N.Y.: Routledge [in English].
Kupiszewski, M., Kicinger A., Kupiszewska, D., Fliterman, F.H. (2009, November). Labour Migration Patterns, Policies and Migration Propensity in the Western Balkans. IOM. Regional Mission for Central and South-Eastern Europe. [in English].
Kuschminder K., Dubow T., İçduygu A., Üstübici A., Kirişçioğlu E., Engbersen G., Mitrovic O. (2019, September). Decision Making on the Balkan Route and the EU-Turkey Statement [in English].
Kuschminder, K., Bresser, J., Siegel, M. (2015). Irregular Migration Routes to Europe and Factors Influencing Migrants’ Destination Choices [in English].
Mandić, D. (2017a). Anatomy of a refugee wave: Forced migration on the Balkan route as two processes. Europe Now. Retrieved from: http://www.europenowjournal.org/2017/01/04/anatomy-of-a-refugee-wave-forced-migration-on-the-balkan-route-as-two-processes/ [in English].
Mandić, D. (2017b). Trafficking and Syrian refugee smuggling: Evidence from the Balkan route. Social Inclusion, 5(2), 28–38. [in English].
Marten, S., Volkenborn, L. (2019, 04, 02). Fliehen nach Europa. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Retrieved from: https://www.faz.net/aktuell/politik/ausland/migration-flucht-der-fluechtlinge-nach-europa-16018868.html [іn German].
McAuliffe, M. (2013, November). Seeking the views of irregular migrants: Decision making, drivers and migration journeys. Irregular Migration Research Programme Occasional Paper Series. Retrieved from https://www.homeaffairs.gov.au/research-and-stats/files/views-irregular-migrant-decision-drivers journey.pdf [in English].
Migrant crossings down 13% in 2020 due to Covid (2021, January 8). EUrACTIV. Retrieved from: https://www.euractiv.com/section/justice-home-affairs/news/migrant-crossings-down-13-in-2020-due-to-covid/ [in English].
Migration and migrant population statistics. Eurostat (March 2021). Retrieved from: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Migration_and_migrant_population_statistics [in English].
Migration to Europe through the Western Balkans. Report. December 2015 - May 2016 (July 2016). REACH. Retrieved from: https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/reach_report_consolidated_report_on_migration_to_europe_through_the_western_balkans_2015-2016july_2016.pdf [in English].
Molodikova, I. (2014). Hungary and the System of European Transit Migration. In F.C. Düvell, Transit Migration in Europe (pp. 153-184). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. [in English].
Operational Data Portal (2021). Refugee Situations. South Eastern Europe. Retrieved from https://data.unhcr.org/en/situations/southeasterneurope [in English].
Oruc, N., Raza, S., Santic, D. (2020, March). The Western Balkan Migration Route (2015-2019). Analytical Report [in English].
Prtorić, J. (2021, February 24). Along the Balkan route, refugees and volunteers face growing hostility. EQUAL TIMES. Retrieved from: https://www.equaltimes.org/along-the-balkan-route-refugees [in English].
Ray, J., Pugliese, A., Esipova, N. (2017, September 6). EU most divided in World on Acceptance of Migrants. Gallup. Retrieved from: https://news.gallup.com/poll/217841/divided-world-acceptance-migrants.aspx [in English].
Resumption of Applications for International Protection (2020, 04, 03). Belgian Agency for the Reception of Asylum Seekers (Fedasil). Retrieved from: https://www.fedasil.be/en/news/reception-asylum-seekers/resumption-applications-international-protection [in English].
Sironi, A. Bauloz, C., Emmanuel, M. (Eds.) (2019). Glossary on migration. Geneva: international Organization for Migration. [in English].
UNHCR Global Report (2015). Retrieved from: https://reporting.unhcr.Org/sites/default /files /GR_2015_Eng.pdf [in English].
Van Mol, C., de Valk, H. (2016). Migration and Immigrants in Europe: A Historical and Demographic Perspective. In B. Garcés-Mascareñas, R. Penninx (Eds.), Integration Processes and Policies in Europe (pp. 31-55). N.Y.: Springer Cham. [in English].
Vathi, Z. (2015). Addressing migration of unaccompanied minors from and through the Western Balkans. International Organisation for Migration, Regional Report 2015. Retrieved from: http://www.albania.iom.int/publications/reports/IOM%20Regional%20Report%20on%20UAMs%20in%20Western%20Balkans.pdf
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.