American-Polish relations in NATO's strategy

  • Oleksandr Shevchuk Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University
Keywords: USA, Poland, NATO, security factor, strategy

Abstract

The article focuses on bilateral relations between the United States and Poland in the strategy of the North Atlantic Alliance in the XXI century. Intensification of bilateral US-Polish dialogue occurs after the September 2001 terrorist attack in the United States, which killed many innocent people. With the assistance of the President of Poland O. Kwasniewski, the Central European Conference on Combating Terrorism was organized in September of the same year, within the framework of the Ministry of Finance. During 2002-2005, the United States provided significant financial and military assistance to modernize Poland's economic and military spheres, thus enabling Poland to join military operations in Iraq, the former Yugoslavia, and Afghanistan. The intensification of the strategic partnership between the countries continued under the Obama and Trump administrations. On May 13, 2016, an official ceremony was held in the village of Redzikowo (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Slupsk County) with the participation of the US and Polish Heads of State and Government to deploy CM3 medium-range missiles, radio radars and three hundred US troops. The complex in the village of Redzikove was to be the third final phase of the missile defense shield, as the other two systems are located in Turkey and Romania. In 2020, this system was put into operation and thus effectively completed the construction of NATO's European security architecture. In 2019, Presidents D. Trump and A. Duda signed Joint Declarations, the principles of which are reflected in the Agreement on Enhanced Defense Cooperation. Coming to power in the United States on January 20, 2021, the newly elected 46th President of the United States J. Biden demonstrated the importance of further cooperation between countries, especially in a difficult geopolitical situation caused by aggressive actions of the Russian Federation against Ukraine and is a major destabilizing factor in international security.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agreement between the government of the United States of America and the government of the Republic of Poland on enhanced defense cooperation. Retrieved from: https://www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/20-1113-Poland-EDCA.pdf [in English].

America looking at the world with «fresh eyes»: Antony Blinken lays out foreign policy priorities (2021, March, 3). The Economic Times. Retrieved from: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/international/world-news/america-looking-at-the-world-with-fresh-eyes-antony-blinken-lays-out-foreign-policy-priorities/articleshow/81313395.cms [in English].

Burkalo, O. (2021, 26 travnia). Baiden zaiavyv pro neproduktyvnist sanktsii iz PP-2 [Biden said that the sanctions against PP-2 were unproductive]. Korespondent. Retrieved from: https://ua.korrespondent.net/world/4361040-baiden-zaiavyv-pro-neproduktyvnist-sanktsii-iz-pp-2 [in Ukrainian].

Kastels, M. (2016) Vlast kommunikatsii. Moskva: Izd dom VSHE [in Russian].

Khotkova, E.S. (2012). Vyshegradskaia gruppa opyt i perspektivy [Visegrad Group experience and prospects] Problemy natsionalnoi strategi, 4 (13), 66. Retrieved from: https://riss.ru/images/pdf/journal/2012/4/06_.pdf [in Russian].

National security strategy 2010. Retrieved from: https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/rss_viewer/national_security_strategy.pdf [in English].

National Security Strategy of The Republic of Poland. (2020). Retrieved from:https://www.bbn.gov.pl/ftp/dokumenty/National_Security_Strategy_of_the_Republic_of_Poland_2020.pdf [in English].

Nimechchyna zupyniaie zapusk "Pivnichnoho potoku 2" – Sholts [Germany suspends launch of Nord Stream 2 - Scholz] (2022, 22 liutoho). BBC News. Retrieved from: https://www.bbc.com/ukrainian/news-60477638 [in Ukrainian].

Samit NATO: Baiden, rozmovy pro PDCh dlia Ukrainy ta rosiiska zahroza [NATO Summit: Biden, talks on the MAP for Ukraine and the Russian threat] (2021, 14 chervnia). DV. com. Retrieved from: https://www.dw.com/uk/samit-nato-baiden-rozmovy-pro-pdch-dlia-ukrainy-ta-rosiiska-zahroza/a-57893970 [in Ukrainian].

Priorytety Polskiej Polityki Zagranicznej 2012–2016. Retrieved from: http://www.msz.gov.pl/pl/polityka_zagraniczna/priorytety_polityki_zagr_2012_2016/ [in Polish].

Sanger, D. (2020, November, 9). The End of “America First”: How Biden Says He Will Re-engage With the World. The New York Times. Retrieved from: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/09/us/politics/biden-foreign-policy.html [in English].

Smirnov, P.E. (2005). Tsentralnaia i Vostochnaia Evropa mezhdu SSHA i ES. SSHA-Kanada [Central and Eastern Europe between the US and the EU. US-Canada]. Ekonomika, politika, kultura, 8, 35-56. [in Russian].

SShA naroshchuvatymut svoiu viiskovu prysutnist u Polshchi dlia strymuvannia Rosii [The United States will increase its age presence in Poland to deter Russia] (2020, 4 serpnia). Radio Svoboda. Retrieved from: https://www.radiosvoboda.org/a/amerka-polsha-vijskova-spivprazia/30765737.html [in Ukrainian].

U.S. Government Assistance to Eastern Europe under the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act Report. Country assessment-Poland. US Department of State. Retrieved from: http://www.state.gov/p/eur/rls/rpt/36998.htm [in English].

Published
2022-05-28
How to Cite
Shevchuk, O. (2022). American-Polish relations in NATO’s strategy. Acta De Historia & Politica: Saeculum XXI, (03), 54-61. Retrieved from https://ahpsxxi.org/index.php/journal/article/view/48
Section
Articles