Trade policy of the Romanian occupation administration in Odessa (on the materials of «Odesskaya gazeta»)
The article is devoted to the development of trade in Odessa during 1941-1944 – the period of Romanian occupation on the materials of «Odesskaya gazeta» («Odessa newspaper»), in particular, considers the tools and mechanisms of trade policy by the occupation administration and its impact on socio-economic life of the city.
It was emphasized that immediately after the establishment of Romanian rule in Odessa in 1941, a trade department was organized by order of the Governor of Transnistria to resume trade in the city.
It is proved that the most common among the population of the city was market trade. Initially, there was a barter in the Odessa markets, but later it became possible to buy for money, but the prices for all goods were much higher. In particular, for the whole research period the 8 markets functioned: «Novyi Bazar» («New Bazaar»), «Privoz», «Oleksiyivsky Rynok» («Oleksiyivsky Market»), «Starokoshiy», «Slobidsky», «Kazan and Yarmarkovy». One of the largest markets was the «Novyi Bazar».
In addition to markets (bazaars), there was the opening of commercial and industrial enterprises. It is established that during 1941-1944 the Romanian authorities opened 63 commercial and industrial enterprises, including: 7 restaurants, cafeterias, cafes; 31 grocery and gastronomic shops; 8 workshops of shoemakers, tailors, locksmiths, etc.; 6 hairdressers and laundries.
The authors came to the conclusion that trade in Odessa during the years of Romanian occupation had the following features: 1) a positive impact on people’s access to products (food security in the city); 2) a clearly regulated mechanism for controlling the quality of products, their sale (decrees of the Governor of Transnistria on trade rules); 3) conducting the analysis of the general economic situation in the city (functioning of the trade and intermediary office).
Odesskaya gazeta [Одесская газета; Odessa newspaper]. Retrieved from: https://libraria.ua [in Ukrainian]
Bilichenko, L. (2020). Diialnist Odeskoho munitsypalitetu Transnistrii (1941-1944 rr.). [Activities of the Odessa municipality of Transnistria (1941-1944)]. Starozhytnosti Lukomoria, 2, 78-95. [in Ukrainian].
Klymenko, O. (2011). Hroshovyi obih u Transnistrii u roky nimetsko-rumunskoi okupatsii (1941–1944). [Money circulation in Transnistria during the German-Romanian occupation (1941–1944)]. Arkhivy Ukrainy, 2-3(273), 151-166. [in Ukrainian].
Mykhailutsa, M., Tryhub, О. (2014). Relihiina polityka okupantiv na Mykolaivshchyni: osoblyvosti, sut ta naslidky (serpen 1941 – berezen 1944 rr.) [Religious policy of the occupiers in Mykolayiv region: features, essence and consequences (August 1941 - March 1944)]. Kraieznavstvo, 1, 113-123. [in Ukrainian].
Osypenko, O. (2019). Sotsialno-ekonomichna polityka rumunskoi administratsii u silskii mistsevosti Pivdenno-Zakhidnoi Ukrainy v 1941-1944 rr. [Socio-economic policy of the Romanian administration in the countryside of South-Western Ukraine in 1941-1944]. Eminak, 2 (26), 83-96. [in Ukrainian].
Shchetnikov, V. (2012) Ekonomichna skladova rumuno-nimetskoi prysutnosti v «Transnistrii» 1941–1944 rr. [The economic component of the Romanian-German presence in Transnistria in 1941–1944]. Storinky voiennoi istorii Ukrainy, 15, 173-188. [in Ukrainian].
Vintskovskyi T., Kiazymova H., Mykhailutsa M., Shchetnikov V (2010). Okupatsiinyi rezhym v hubernatorstvi «Transnist-riia». Ukraina v Druhii svitovii viini: pohliad z ХХI stolittia. Istorychni narysy. 1. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Abstract views: 71 PDF Downloads: 30
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.