Conflictogenic nature of Afghan-Pakistan relations under the presidency of A. Ghani

Keywords: Afghanistan, Pakistan, USA, Taliban, Ashraf Ghani, Post-Afghan settlement process

Abstract

The article attempts to analyze the dynamics of conflict nature in Afghanistan-Pakistan relations during the presidency of A. Ghani, which depends primarily on the implementation of security threats.

The conflictofenic nature of the relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan can be discovered by several factors. Firstly, traditional threats to the security of the states are based on two issues – the Pashtun issue (the «Greater Pashtunistan» project may violate the territorial integrity of both states) and the unresolved passage of the Afghan-Pakistani border (non-recognition of the border by Afghanistan and the construction of a wall by Pakistan as its recognition).

Secondly, non-traditional threats such as the problem of refugees, drug trafficking and terrorism. If the refugee issue is in some way as Pakistan’s pressure on Afghanistan through the process of forced repatriation, it has been found that countering drug trafficking and terrorism have facilitated cooperation between the governments of the two countries.

Thirdly, main change in bilateral relations depends on the negotiation processes and Post-Afghan settlement with the intervention of third States in this difficult situation (US, China, India). A peaceful settlement is implemented by Afghanistan-Taliban-Pakistan negotiation with US participation as well. Taliban do not support the Kabul government, do not want to submit to US conditions, do not recognize their activities as terrorist. In turn, Pakistan, in line with Afghanistan’s position, supports the Taliban, that reduces the level of trust between states.

The authors concluded that Afghan-Pakistan cooperation under the Presidency of Ashraf Ghani has a certain constructivism in the negotiations and political dialog. However, Afghanistan continues to depend on the influence of other states, including Pakistan, and needs attempts to negotiate not only from one side and to be more independent.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Afganistan Pakistan i Kitai obsudili mirnyi protsess i borbu s terrorizmom [Afghanistan, Pakistan and China discussed the peace process and the fight against terrorism]. (2019). Afghanistan.ru. Retrieved from http://afghanistan.ru/doc/132457.html/ [in Russian].

Danish, Z. (2017, March 17). Objectives, Strategy and Structure of Decision-making in Afghanistan’s foreign policy; from the Perspective of the Constitution and the President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani. Office of Chief of Staff for the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Retriever from: https://ocs.gov.af/en/article_details/52 [in English].

Demidov, A.V. (2020). Indiia-Afganistan-Pakistan Strategicheskaia glubina ili strategicheskii okhvat [India-Afghanistan-Pakistan. «Strategic depth» or strategic reach?]. Arkhivarius, 5 (50), 19-22 [in Russian].

Dzhanbaz, G. (2019, 9 iiunia). Prezident Afganistana gotovitsia k vizitu v Pakistan [Afghan President prepares for visit to Pakistan]. Nezavisimaia gazeta. Retrieved from https://ng-ru.turbopages.org/ng.ru/s/world/2019-06-09/100_afganistan090619.html [in Russian].

Duan, A. (2019, August 14). Can U.S.–Taliban peace talks end the war in Afghanistan?. Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved from https://www.cfr.org/in-brief/can-us-taliban-peace-talks-end-war-afghanistan [in English].

Felbab-Brown, V. (2016). The drug-conflict nexus in South Asia: beyond Taliban profits and Afghanistan. The Brookings Institution. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/05_regional_counternarcotics_felbabbrown.pdf [in English].

Fisas, V. (2015). 2015 yearbook of peace processes. Romanyà Valls, SA. Retrieved from https://peacemaker.un.org/sites/peacemaker.un.org/files/YearbookPeaceProcesses-ECP-2015.pdf [in English].

Gardesh, H. (2012). Afghans Say Pakistan behind Cross-border Fire. Institute for War and Peace Reporting. Retrieved from https://iwpr.net/global-voices/afghans-say-pakistan-behind-cross-border-fire [in English].

Gul, A. (2019, June 28). Ghani Seeks Pakistan’s Support for Afghan Peace Talks With Taliban. Voice of America. Retrieved from https://www.voanews.com/south-central-asia/ghani-seeks-pakistans-support-afghan-peace-talks-taliban [in English].

Іmtiaz, G. (2012, 7 August 2012). The elusive alliance. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from https://foreignpolicy.com/2012/08/07/the-elusive-alliance/ [in English].

Kozer, L. (2006). Vrazhdebnost i napriazhennost v konfliktnykh otnosheniiakh [Hostility and tensions in conflict relationships]. Sotsiologiia vlasti, 6, 175-186 [in Russian].

Naderi, A. (2017). Modern political and socio-economic situation in Afghanistan. RUDN Journal of World History, 9 (4), 353-362 [in English].

Noorzai, R. (2020, December 18). Pakistan Border Fencing Disrupts Local Trade in Chaman. Voice of America. Retrieved from https://www.voanews.com/extremism-watch/pakistan-border-fencing-disrupts-local-trade-chaman [in English].

Novikova, O.N. (2020). Slozhnost mirnogo protsessa v Afganistane [The complexity of the peace process in Afghanistan]. Aktualnye problemy Evropy, 2, 173-194 [in Russian].

Parkes, A. (2019). Considered Chaos: Revisiting Pakistan’s ‘Strategic Depth’ in Afghanistan. Strategic Analysis, 43 (4), 1-10 [in English].

Parkhomchuk, O.S. & Hryniv, D. (2012). Rehionalnyy vymir zovnishnioyi polityky Afhanistanu [The regional dimension of Afghanistan’s foreign policy]. Aktualni problemy mizhnarodnykh vidnosyn, 108 (1), 23-28 [in Ukrainian].

Partaw, A.M. (2015, July 28). The Dynamics of Peace and Political Change in Afghanistan. Foreign Policy Journal. Retrieved from https://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2015/07/28/the-dynamics-of-peace-and-political-change-in-afghanistan/ [in English].

Prorochenko, N.O. (2014). Iran, Afhanistan, Pakystan yak istorychni subkultury Islamskoho svitu [Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan as historical subcultures of the Islamic world]. Hlobalna peryferiya v XXI st.: zasady, zakonomirnosti ta umovy tsyvilizatsiynoho renesansu. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats, 290-326 [in Ukrainian].

Shah, M. & Jillani, S. (2019. June 5). Pashtun movement leader: ‘Pakistani army is afraid of our popularity’. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved from https://www.dw.com/en/pashtun-movement-leader-pakistani-army-is-afraid-of-our-popularity/a-49069682 [in English].

Shakh, M. (2014). Pushtunskii natsionalizm v Afganistane i Pakistane [Pashtun nationalism in Afghanistan and Pakistan]. Rossiia i musulmanskii mir, 11 (269), 114-123 [in Russian].

Sharif, Amiri (2017, July 5). Pakistan To Conduct Joint Ops With Afghanistan Along Durand Line. TOLOnews. Retrieved from https://tolonews.com/afghanistan/pakistan-conduct-joint-ops-afghanistan-along-durand-line [in English].

Tykhonenko, I.V. (2016). Narkotorhivlia ta problema bizhentsiv u pakystansko-afhanskykh vidnosynakh [Drug trafficking and the refugee problem in Pakistani-Afghan relations]. Naukovi pratsi. Seriia: Politolohiia, 273 (261), 97-102 [in Ukrainian].

Ul Hamid, M., Khan, A. & Ullah, R. (2020). Pakistan’s afghan policy: trends and prospects. Pakistan Journal of society, education and language, 6(1), 113-127. Retrieved from https://pjsel.jehanf.com/index.php/journal/article/view/73 [in English].

Umnov, A. (2012). Afganistan-Pakistan: vchera i segodnia [Afghanistan-Pakistan: yesterday and today]. Rossiia i musulmanskii mir, 10, 96-99 [in Russian].

Yusuf, M. & Smith, S. (2015). Ashraf Ghani’s Pakistan Outreach Fighting against the Odds. United State Institute for Peace. Retrieved from https://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/SR376-Ashraf-Ghani-Pakistan-Outreach-Fighting-against-the-Odds.pdf [in English].

Zain, A. (2015). Pakistan, Afghanistan to jointly host ‘Heart of Asia Conference’. Daily Pakistan. Retrieved from https://en.dailypakistan.com.pk/10-Nov-2015/pakistan-afghanistan-to-jointly-host-heart-of-asia-conference-on-december-7 [in English].


Abstract views: 118
PDF Downloads: 97
Published
2021-01-15
How to Cite
Tykhonenko, I., & Uranova, V. (2021). Conflictogenic nature of Afghan-Pakistan relations under the presidency of A. Ghani. Acta De Historia & Politica: Saeculum XXI, (02), 84-95. https://doi.org/10.26693/ahpsxxi2020.02.084
Section
Articles