Participation of the Arab Republic of Egypt in combating terrorism on the Middle East in A. F. El-Sisi Presidency

Keywords: Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Middle East, regional security, terrorism

Abstract

Egypt’s foreign policy priorities are determined by the problems of domestic political development, regional and world trends. The events of 2011-2012 and «Arabic spring» have led to an imbalance in the political situation in the Middle East region and determined conflict situations. This article examines Egypt’s involvement in the combating terrorism in the Middle East (for instance Yemen, Syria) as a priority vector for the current President of the Arab Republic of Egypt (ARE) A. F El-Sisi.

The ARE’s President El-Sisi is deeply concerned about the activities of terrorist organizations in the region. To counter this, one must act in coalition and stop the sources of terrorist financing. The main allies in this fight are Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Cairo is actively involved in military operations against terrorist groups in the Middle East, both bilaterally and regional level (Operation in Yemen and participation in the Islamic Anti-Terrorist Coalition). However, official Cairo stresses the importance not only of counter-terrorism but also of the strengthening of state institutions in the regional countries, in which national armies play a leading role.

ARE has also joined the boycott of Qatar, which has repeatedly supported financially terrorist groups in the Middle East. In turn, Cairo play the role of mediator in the resolution of regional conflicts with the terrorist component, which is a manifestation of a multilateral and somewhat restrained foreign policy activity at the present stage. For instance, the participations of Egypt in reconciliation between rival «Hamas» and «Fatah» groups in Palestine. In the Israeli-Palestinian confrontation, Egypt occupies a neutral position without provoking conflicts in the region. The authors conclude that Egypt is trying to maintain its influence as an important actor in the Middle East having allies and promoting an approach to counter terrorist groups.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abalian, A.I. (2013). Analiz osnovnykh istochnikov konfliktov v Blizhnevostochnom regione. [Analysis of the main sources of conflict in the Middle East]. Politicheskaia ekspertiza: POLITEKS, 2, 71-79. [in Russian]

Barfi, B. (2018). Egypt’s New Realism: Challenges Under Sisi. Washington: Washington Institute for Near East Policy. [in Ehglish]

Bovsunivskyi, P.V. (2010). Zovnishnia polityka Yehyptu: balansuvannia v borotbi za rehionalne liderstvo [Egypt’s Foreign Policy: Balancing the Struggle for Regional Leadership]. Naukovi zapysky Instytutu politychnykh i etnonatsionalnykh doslidzhen im. I.F. Kurasa NAN Ukrainy, 48, 461-469. [in Ukrainian]

Brown, J. (2011). Salafis and Sufis in Egypt’s. Retrieved from https://carnegieendowment.org/2011/12/20/salafis-and-sufis-in-egypt-pub-46278 [in Ehglish]

Egorova, E. (2018, 28 maia). Vneshnepoliticheskie prioritety Egipta na sovremennom etape (2014-2018). [Egypt’s foreign policy priorities at the present stage]. Retrieved from https://russiancouncil.ru/blogs/ekaterina-egorova/vneshnepoliticheskie-prioritety-egipta-na-sovremennom-etape-20142018/ [in Russian]

East. (1991). In The New Encyclopedia Britannica (p. 1044). Ottawa: Menage, 8.

Evseev, V.V. (2013). Kontseptsiia «Bolshoi Blizhnii Vostok» pod uglom natsionalnoi bezopasnosti. [The Greater Middle East Concept From the Angle of National Security]. Natsionalnaia bezopasnost, 4 (27), 620-628. [in Russian]

Kalashnikova, A.V. (2014). Vliianie sotsialno-ekonomicheskikh faktorov na vneshnepoliticheskuiu strategiiu Egipta v period politicheskoi nestabilnosti. [The influence of socio-economic factors on the foreign policy strategy of Egypt during the period of political instability]. Vestnik RGGU. Seriia Politologiia. Istoriia. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia, 7, 256-264. [in Russian]

Kamal, M. (2018). The Middle East According to Egypt. The Cairo Review of Global Affairs, 29, 70-77. Retrieved from https://www.thecairoreview.com/essays/the-middle-east-according-to-egypt/ [in English]

Kosach, G.G. (2015). Evoliutsiia vneshnei politiki Saudovskoi Aravii posle Arabskoi vesny [The evolution of Saudi Arabia’s foreign policy after the Arab Spring.]. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im N.I. Lobachevskogo, 3, 50-62. [in Russian]

Kyianytsia, L.L. (2015). Transformatsiia rehionalnoi polityky Yehyptu v konteksti «arabskoi vesny». [Transformation of Egypt’s regional policy in the context of the Arab Spring]. Mizhnarodni vidnosyny. Seriia «Politychni nauky». Retrieved from http://journals.iir.kiev.ua/index.php/pol_n/article/viewFile/2486/2217 [in Ukrainian]

Petrenko, V.V. & Razitskyi, V.Y. (2014). Osoblyvosti pravlinnia «Brativ-musulman» v Yehypti ta prychyny yikhnoi porazky. [Features of the «Muslim Brotherhood» in Egypt and the reasons for their defeat]. Visnyk Kyivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Tarasa Shevchenka, Filosofiia, Politolohiia, 2, 6-49. [in Ukrainian]

Poida, A.A. (2018). Istoricheskie determinanty vneshnei politiki Аrabskoi Respubliki Egipet [Historical determinants of foreign policy of the Arab Republic of Egypt]. Vestnik Rossiiskogo universiteta druzhby narodov, Seriia Vseobshchaia istoriia, 2, 192-200. [in Russian]

Saudi Arabia forms Muslim ‘anti-terrorism’ coalition. (2015, December 15). Аl Jazeera. Retrieved from https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/12/saudi-arabia-forms-muslim-anti-terrorism-coalition-151215035914865.html [in Ehglish]

Saudis conduct military exercises with 20 states. (2016, February 28). Аl Jazeera. Retrieved from https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/02/saudi-conducts-military-exercises-20-states-160228095249237.html [in Ehglish]

State Information Services Egypt. (2014, June 30). Speech of H.E.President Abdel fattah al-Sisi on the First Anniversary of the June 30 Revolution Monday. Retrieved from http://www.sis.gov.eg/Story/78609/Speech-of-H.E.President-Abdel-fattah-al-Sisi-on-the-First-Anniversary-of-the-June-30-Revolution-Monday%2C-June-30%2C-2014?lang=en-us [in Ehglish]

State Information Services. (2014, June 14). Statement by President Abdel Fattah El Sisi at ceremony marking his inauguration. Retrieved from http://www.sis.gov.eg/Story/78371/Statement-by-H.E.President-Abdel-Fattah-El-Sisi-at-the-ceremony-marking-his-inauguration-at-Qasr-el-Qubba-Palace-(June-8%2c-2014)?lang=en-us [in Ehglish]

State Information Service. (n.d.). Egypt and Peacekeeping. Retrieved from http://www.sis.gov.eg/section/0/8332?lang=en-us [in Ehglish]

State Information Service. (n.d.). Egypt’s foreign policy towards Arab crises. Retrieved from http://www.sis.gov.eg/section/7302/9413?lang=en-us [in Ehglish]

State Information Service. (2020). Sisi: Egypt eyes further EU cooperation against illegal migration, terrorism. Retrieved from http://www.sis.gov.eg/Story/143354/Sisi-Egypt-eyes-further-EU-cooperation-against-illegal-migration%2C-terrorism?lang=en-us [in Ehglish]


Abstract views: 48
PDF Downloads: 27
Published
2020-03-27
How to Cite
Tykhonenko, I., & Khrystodorova, Y. (2020). Participation of the Arab Republic of Egypt in combating terrorism on the Middle East in A. F. El-Sisi Presidency. Acta De Historia & Politica: Saeculum XXI, (01), 147-154. https://doi.org/10.26693/ahpsxxi2019.01.147
Section
Articles