Participation of the Arab Republic of Egypt in combating terrorism on the Middle East in A. F. El-Sisi Presidency
Egypt’s foreign policy priorities are determined by the problems of domestic political development, regional and world trends. The events of 2011-2012 and «Arabic spring» have led to an imbalance in the political situation in the Middle East region and determined conflict situations. This article examines Egypt’s involvement in the combating terrorism in the Middle East (for instance Yemen, Syria) as a priority vector for the current President of the Arab Republic of Egypt (ARE) A. F El-Sisi.
The ARE’s President El-Sisi is deeply concerned about the activities of terrorist organizations in the region. To counter this, one must act in coalition and stop the sources of terrorist financing. The main allies in this fight are Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Cairo is actively involved in military operations against terrorist groups in the Middle East, both bilaterally and regional level (Operation in Yemen and participation in the Islamic Anti-Terrorist Coalition). However, official Cairo stresses the importance not only of counter-terrorism but also of the strengthening of state institutions in the regional countries, in which national armies play a leading role.
ARE has also joined the boycott of Qatar, which has repeatedly supported financially terrorist groups in the Middle East. In turn, Cairo play the role of mediator in the resolution of regional conflicts with the terrorist component, which is a manifestation of a multilateral and somewhat restrained foreign policy activity at the present stage. For instance, the participations of Egypt in reconciliation between rival «Hamas» and «Fatah» groups in Palestine. In the Israeli-Palestinian confrontation, Egypt occupies a neutral position without provoking conflicts in the region. The authors conclude that Egypt is trying to maintain its influence as an important actor in the Middle East having allies and promoting an approach to counter terrorist groups.
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