Cybersecurity: modern challenges of Ukraine

Keywords: cyber security, malware, hybrid war, cyber attacks, Ukraine, information war


The article deals with information technologies, especially their application as war instruments. Cyber space, used by a state and its people, has a reverse side of it which is of a ruinous character, a threat and a danger for existence of a state, its functioning and survival. Ukraine is one of the countries which are suffering from cyber threats and danger is posed by its close neighbor – the Russian Federation.

The purpose of the article is to highlight the issue of cybernetic defense of Ukraine in the light of the Russian information threat. The author has observed and analyzed the researches related to the topic of the article. Along with it he tried to answer the question about the measures taken by Ukrainian Government and Ukrainian state bodies in order to get ready to confront an information aggression and cybernetic attacks organized and launched against Ukraine, its state and private companies. The author draws attention to documents officially accepted by state bodies which lay the foundation for effective strategy in order to suppress cyber attack launched against Ukraine. He also managed to analyze cyber strategy of Ukrainian state bodies developed to protect Ukraine from modern style information war.

As a matter of fact Ukraine is quite sensitive to cybernetic attacks. According to the research conducted by «Kaspersky Laboratory» (ITU, CSIS) in 2019, Ukraine ranged tenth from the bottom in the list of sixty countries. Certain criteria were applied for arrangement of the list. Among them: a percentage of virus infected phones, a percentage of virus infected computers, a number of malware financial attacks, a percentage of attacks of cyber criminals, countries best prepared for cybernetic attacks and countries with up to date laws. Unfortunately, Ukraine is behind many countries, even the neighboring ones, such as Russia, Poland, and Hungary. This fact pushes to think about the level of readiness to protect itself not only on physical, but also on information level and whether the President and the Government of Ukraine do their utmost to make the country strong enough.

Cybernetic security is a hot issue not only in a civil sphere, but also in the sphere of military activity. And the cybernetic attack launched by aggressor have made Ukrainian militaries take measures to protect the country, strengthen cyber security and defense. And the standards set by NATO countries serve as a target to pursue in the near future.

Hybrid war is one of the wars waged against Ukraine by the Russia Federation. It is a hidden style of war which combines a wide range of means such as political, economic, information and propaganda that accompany it for the whole period of war actions. So, to survive Ukraine has to change not only its military planning, but also information protection, improving security standards and taking protection measures in order to secure the state bodies and the people from cyber attacks, malware and the flow of dirty waters of propaganda, hatred and lies.


Download data is not yet available.


Bilenchuk, P. & Kulyk, V. (2018). Stratehiia zabezpechennia kiberbezpeky v hibrydnii viini [Strategy of providing cybersecurity in a hybrid war]. Yurydychnyi visnyk Ukrainy, 1/2, 18-19. [in Ukrainian]

Cerulus, L. (2019, February 20). How Ukraine became a test bed for cyberweaponry. Politico. Retrieved from [in English]

EU. General Secretariat of the Council. (2016, July 8). Joint declaration by the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, the President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, and the Secretary General of NATO, Jens Stoltenberg, Warsaw. Retrieved from [in English]

Forum. Kiberbezpeka – naіbilsha problema tsyfrovoi ekonomiky. (2019, 16 zhovtnia). [Cyber security is the biggest problem of a digital economy]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian]

Greenberg, A. (2017, June 20). How an Entire Nation Became Russia’s Test Lab for Cyberwar. Retrieved from [in English]

Horbulin, V. (2015, 20 liutoho). U poshukakh asymetrychnykh vidpovidei: kiberprostir u hibrydnii viini. [Searching for asymmetric responses: cyberspace in a hybrid war]. Dzerkalo tyzhnia. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian]

Hrabovyі, A. (2017). Zakon pro kiberbezpeku ta stratehiia kiberbezpeky Ukrainy [The Law about cybersecurity and a strategy of cybersecurity of Ukraine]. Yuryst & Zakon, 26. Retrieved from http://uz. [in Ukrainian]

Kiberbezpeku ne treba viddiliaty vid informatsiinoi ta komunikatsiinoi. (2019, 12 hrudnia). [Cyber security shouldn’t be separated from information and communicative security]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian]

Kiberviіna proty Ukrainy. Kiberbezpeka v informatsiіnomu suspilstvi. (2019). [Cyber war against Ukraine. Cybersecurity in the information society]. Informatsiіno-analitychnyі daіdzhest, 1, 6-7. [in Ukrainian]

Kiberzlochynnist@Skhidne partnerstvo III: publichne/pryvatne spivrobitnytstvo (Virmeniia, Azerbaidzhan, Bilorus, Hruziia, Respublika Moldova, Ukraina). (2016, April). [Cyber crimes and the Eastern Partnership III: public/private cooperation]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian]

Koltsov, M., Prykhodko, O. & Aushev, Ye. (2017, hruden). Propozytsii do polityky shchodo reformuvannia sfery kiberbezpeky v Ukraini [Proposition to politics regarding reforming the sphere of cybersecurity in Ukraine]. Kyiv: HO «Laboratoriia zakonodavchykh initsiatyv». Retrieved from [in Ukrainian]

Krasnyi, A., Zymaryn, A., Miahka, I. & Polietaieva, M. (2018, 10 travnia). Bezpeka v merezhi: yak Ukraina rehuliuvatyme kiberprostir. [Security in the net: how Ukraine is going to regulate cyber space]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian]

Ministerstvo оborony Ukrainy. (2018, 7 travnia). Kiberbezpeka iak vazhlyva skladova vsiiei systemy zakhystu derzhavy. [Cybersecurity as an important component of the whole system of a state defense]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian]

Moody, R. (2019, February 6). Which countries have the worst (and best) cybersecurity? Comparitech. Retrieved from [in English]

NATO. (2018, October 29). Enhancing cybersecurity in Ukraine. Retrieved from en [in English]

Rosiіska ahresiia u kiberprostori: za mynulyі rik kreml zdiіsnyv maіzhe 200 provokatsiі. (2019). [Russian aggression in cyberspace: during last year the Kremlin organized almost 200 provocations]. Retrieved from _rik_kreml_ zdiysniv_mayzhe_200_provokatsiy_n1101233?utm_source=rss [in Ukrainian]

Semeniy, J., Glushchenko, S. & Makarevich, O. (2018, January 30). Getting the Deal Through: Cybersecurity 2018. Retrieved from publications/getting_the_deal_through_cybersecurity_2018_ukraine/ [in English]

Stan kiberbezpeky v Ukraini. Kiberbezpeka v informatsiinomu suspilstvi. (2019). [State of cybersecurity in Ukraine. Cybersecurity in information society]. Informatsiino-analitychnyi daidzhest, 1, 4-5. [in Ukrainian]

Streltsov, L. (2017). The System of Cybersecurity in Ukraine : Principles, Actors, Challenges, Accomplishments. European Journal for Security Research, 2(2), 147-184. doi:10.1007/s41125-017-0020-x [in English]

Verkhovna rada Ukrainy. (2014). Zakon Ukrainy Pro ratyfikatsiiu Uhody pro asotsiatsiiu mizh Ukrainoiu ta Yevropeiskym Soiuzom, Yevropeiskym Spivtovarystvom z atomnoi enerhii i ikhnimy derzhavamy-chlenamy [Law of Ukraine «About the Ratification of the Treaty of the Association between Ukraine and the European Union, European Community on Nuclear Energy and their State-members»]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian]

Verkhovna rada Ukrainy. (2016). Dyrektyva Yevropeiskoho Parlamentu i Rady (IeS) 2016/1148 vid 6 lypnia 2016 roku pro zakhody dlia vysokoho spilnoho rivnia bezpeky merezhevykh ta informatsiinykh system na terytorii Soiuzu [A Directive of the European Parliament and a Council of the EU about measures for a high level of common security of a net and information systems on the territory of the European Union]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian]

Verkhovna rada Ukrainy. (2018). Zakon Ukrainy Pro natsionalnu bezpeku Ukrainy. [Law of Ukraine «About the national security of Ukraine»]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian]

Yankovskyi, O. (2019, 14 veresnia). Ukraini potribna nova kiberstratehiia [Ukraine needs a new cyberstrategy]. Ukrainska pravda. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian]

Abstract views: 43
PDF Downloads: 22
How to Cite
Khudoliy, A. (2020). Cybersecurity: modern challenges of Ukraine. Acta De Historia & Politica: Saeculum XXI, (01), 138-146.