The People Movement of Ukraine: causes and results of activities

Keywords: People’s Movement of Ukraine, perestroika, independence of Ukraine, democratization, political transit, geopolitics

Abstract

Ukraine demonstrates a rather specific trajectory of political transit in the post-Soviet and, in general, post-socialist region. The non-linearity and contradiction of this process, the presence of visual reversals or rollbacks in the path of Ukraine’s democratization make one think again about the genesis of the new national liberation movement and the main factors that have caused the independence and rejection of the pro-communist concept of development. The People’s Movement of Ukraine as a mass anti-communist and anti-imperial subject in the second-largest Soviet republic undoubtedly acts as the main driving force behind the revolutionary events at the turn of the 1980s and 1990s in the former USSR. The article reveals the causes, main periods and consequences of the People’s Movement of Ukraine. The programmatic foundations of the People’s Movement of Ukraine party are considered at the present stage. There are two main stages in the history of the NRU: 1) from the foundation in 1989 to the adoption of the Constitution in 1996 – active political activity, great influence on the state-making process; 2) since 1996 – the decline of activity and the loss of influence on the main political processes. In general, the People’s Movement of Ukraine has become a compromise formula for the formation of an organized people’s opposition for the Communist Party. The main historical consequence of the NRC’s activity as a mass public association was the proclamation of Ukraine’s state independence, but it failed to become a democratic party in power under new historical conditions. At the present stage, the People’s Movement of Ukraine has become a classic national-conservative party, which has little influence on the current political process in Ukraine.

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References

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Published
2020-03-27
How to Cite
Polishchuk, I. (2020). The People Movement of Ukraine: causes and results of activities. Acta De Historia & Politica: Saeculum XXI, (01), 58-71. https://doi.org/10.26693/ahpsxxi2019.01.058
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Articles